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ISO is a measure of how sensitive the sensor of your camera is to light. Aperture is one of the most important aspects of photography as it directly influences the depth of field — that is, the amount of an image that is in focus.
Soon enough, you will no longer think of your camera as a mysterious black box, but understand how to achieve the photographic results that you bought it for in the first place. A raw file is uncompressed, and so contains a lot of image data that allows for a lot of flexibility during post-processing i. The term originated in film photography, where film of different sensitivities could be used depending on the shooting conditions, and it is no different in digital photography.
Therefore, to balance the exposure, you could do the following:. A change in one of the settings will impact the other two. This will give you images of the highest quality, with very little grain or noise. You may have noticed that sometimes your images have a blueish tone to them or, in others, everything looks very orange. This is often used when shooting portraiture or wildlife, such as the image below, to isolate the subject from the background:. When starting out with your camera, using jpeg is the most straight forward.
To capture the motion of the waves, and render the water with a soft, milky texture, a shutter speed of 6 seconds was used here. A jpeg is a compressed dslr camera basics pdf download type, that is automatically processed by the camera. The aperture is the size of the opening in the lens through which light is allowed to pass whenever the shutter is opened — the larger the aperture, the more light passes through.
Different light sources such as the sun, light bulbs, fluorescent strips etc emit light of different wavelengths, and therefore colours, which can be described by what is known as colour temperature. This is best used when taking photos of stationary subjects such as portraits of people, landscapes, buildings etc. A high ISO number, such as ISOwill increase the sensitivity of the sensor, effectively multiplying the small amount of dslr camera basics pdf download light to give you a correctly exposed image.
Reducing the aperture dslr camera basics pdf download one whole f-stop, e. The longer the shutter stays open, the more light passes through to the sensor to be captured. When this is selected, you dslr camera basics pdf download the photographer set the aperture and the camera will automatically select the shutter speed.
A viewfinder with 9 focus points is shown below:. However, your camera is not that downlpad, and unless told otherwise, will record the orange or blue tones giving the colour cast to your images. Bright sunlight, on a clear day is as near dslr camera basics pdf download neutral light that we generally get.
If shooting in jpeg, as recommended above, you will need to make sure you set your white balance before taking a picture.
Nikon | Imaging Products | DSLR Camera Basics
This gives you additional freedom that using either aperture priority or shutter priority cannot give without switching between shooting modes. Initially, set your camera to use a single focus point your camera manual should tell you how to do this. When you half-press the shutter, the focus will be acquired and locked on that point for as long as you dslr camera basics pdf download the button down.
If you consider yourself a beginner who is unsure of how to make the most of your camera, this post is designed for you. However, badics you know what you want to focus on, and there is no better way than ensuring the correct subject is in focus than by using one focus dslr camera basics pdf download, and placing that focus point over the subject.
Jpeg dslr camera basics pdf download are not as susceptible to white balance adjustments, meaning the white balance correction needs to be made before the image is taken:. It will enable you to get the best results whilst you learn the basics or your camera before complicating matters with post-processing of raw files. Outside on a sunny day, select ISO and basivs how it goes.
Digital SLR Camera Basics
If that focus is not achieved, the image will not be what you wanted. If you select a focus point that is on your desired subject, you will ensure that the camera pvf where you want it to.
However, you can control what areas of the dwnload are being dslr camera basics pdf download by the camera in order to influence the way in which the exposure is metered. You would use a long shutter speed if you wanted to blur a moving subject, for example water rushing over a waterfall slower shutter speeds will require you to put the camera on a tripod to ensure the camera is held steady whilst the shutter is open:.
Aperture, shutter speed and ISO are all facotrs that influence your exposure, and are all linked.
Focus Points Both of those focus modes rely on what are known as focus points. When you half-press the shutter, you should see one of these squares be highlighted in red. When you dslr camera basics pdf download the pddf, focus will be acquired and locked on to a given subject.
The Ultimate Guide to Learning how to use Your first DSLR
Therefore it is cqmera to set the dslr camera basics pdf download balance before you take your image and just to make sure note: The white balance can significantly impact colour tone of your photographs. Whereas a shallow depth of field achieved by using a large aperture small f-number would produce an image where only the subject is in sharp focus, but the background is soft and out of focus.
This is to do with the white balance and, whilst you can make some adjustments dslr camera basics pdf download the image on your computer, it is much simpler if you get it acmera up-front.